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With no institutional way to oppose the Commissioner of Crete, Prince George, Eleftherios Venizelos resorted to the revolution of Therisso, in March 1905, which led to the replacement of the Prince. The new regime adopted a new liberal Constitution leading the island, through several adventures, towards its Union with Greece.

Greece at the dawn of the Balkan Wars entered a new era of huge changes with a new, charismatic Prime Minister. With the Treaty of Bucharest (August 10, 1913), Greece almost doubled its territory and increased its population by 80%.